||Turbo 1, Turbo 2, Cabrio||
The City was first manufactured in 1981 and in 1982, the City Turbo made its debut. The 67 hp was increased to 100 hp by adding a turbocharger. Changes were made to the 1200 cc engine by using an aluminum/titanium head and a magnesium vavle cover to keep the weight down. † †
The Turbo unit married to this engine is smaller than those used by the larger cubic engines and it has a higher RPM rating. Developed by a joint Ishikawajima Heavy Industry and Honda venture, this unit, coupled with the orginal Honda PGM-F1 fuel injection system has made this power package one of the most effecient and trouble free units in existance. † †
An 8 bit digital computer is utilized in the fuel injection system for proper amount and timing of fuel, for good economy with maximum power. This combination has greatly reduced the amount of acceleration lag time normally associated with Turboized systems. † †
The suspension system was also refined for the City Turbo. Front and rear 4 wheel independent uses the progressive rate type coil springs, and stabilizers are used at both front and rear. Tires are the 165/70HR12 radials and braking at the front is a ventilated disc system and semi metallic shoes at the rear. † † The body styling has been made more sporty by the addition of the air dam in front and a small spoiler at the top/rear of the car. A bulge on the engine hood was necessary for the turbocharging installation and quickly identifies this as the Turbo version of the City. † †
A non symmetrical grill of a honeycomb pattern and the twin fog lamps make the styling very much like the rally cars in Europe such as the Renault 5 Alpine and the Fiat Ritmo Abalth. † † The inernal appointments of this sporty car have been done with taste and for increased driver comfort. The speedometer is of the digital type and boost pressure is read on a graphic meter. † † Bucket seats are form fitting, and a sonic seat also responds to the high quality audio system by a transducer sending the tremors to the listener via the seat.
Honda has only manufactured two models of turbocharged car (other than F1). One was a 2.5 litre V6 Legend needing a bit more go, the other, a tiny commuter car known as the City or Jazz. It's ironic that the car they choose to release as a special edition turbo was the least sportscar like vehicle in the Honda range. The Honda City Turbo was the brainchild of Hirotoshi Honda. Hirotoshi is the son of Honda's Founder. Hirotoshiís company Mugen had already proven itís worth making performance parts for motorcycles and some cars but was largely unheard of out of racing circles. Hirotoshi Honda took Honda's ugliest, most ungainly vehicle and turned it into an aggressive performer that was well ahead of its time (as with most Hondas) and Honda released a production version of it. † Honda City Turbos were manufactured in three guises. The City Turbo, basically a standard looking City with a turbo motor and a bonnet hump. In Japan, the second model City Turbo is affectionately known as the "Bulldog". This model had aggressively flared guards, spoilers and was adorned with wild graphics straight from the factory designating it a HYPER 11. Very few City turbos were also released as a cabriolet model (most cabriolets are not turbo charged but still have the flared guard body kit typical of the Turbo 11). † †
The City Turbo 1 was manufactured from 1981-83, the Turbo 11 was manufactured until 1987. Both models featured a digital speedo surrounded by a Tacho so that all relative information could be taken at a glance. The last run of Turbo 11s had a normal speedo/tacho assembly. The motors in both models were essentially the same. Both models were powered by an all alloy 1237cc motor with CVCC (we'll get to that), IHI RHB51 turbocharger, multipoint fuel injection and a magnesium rocker cover. Compression ratio was down to 7.5:1 and the boost was wound up to 12psi, fairly high for a factory turbo car. The Turbo 11's were intercooled, had a revised intake plenum, slightly larger throttle body, modified inlet manifold, higher AR turbo compressor and exhaust housings as well as a slightly raised (7.6:1) compression ratio. Both motors have the same sort of power potential. † †